Teori Perkembangan Jean Piaget dan Implikasinya Dalam Perkembangan Anak Sekolah Dasar
The goal of this study is to determine how Jean Piaget's theory of development and its effects on elementary school students' development. A qualitative descriptive method with a literature study approach was used as the research methodology. Books, journals, articles, and other scientific works that are pertinent to the topic under study serve as the sources of information for the literature study. The findings demonstrated that elementary school-aged children's cognitive development varies depending on their age. According to Piaget's cognitive theory, children's cognitive development in the elementary school years is in the concrete operational phase (ages 7 to 11), which is a stage in which kids can think logically, rationally, scientifically, and objectively about something concrete or real. As a result, the teacher must present learning material that is empirical (real), not abstract or fictitious, during teaching and learning activities. The learning process must be grounded in reality, for instance, by providing concrete examples of the material being studied (modeling) and engaging in hands-on practice (experiments).
Abin, SM 2004. Educational Psychology: Module Teaching System Toolkit. Bandung: Rosda
Dariyo, A. (2007). Psychology of Child Development in the First Three Years. Bandung: Refika Aditama.
Desmita. (2010) Learner Developmental Psychology. Bandung: Teen Rosda Creation.
Desmita. (2015). Developmental Psychology, Cet. 9th. Bandung: PT Pemuda Rosdakarya.
Hanafi, I., & Sumitro, EA (2019). Cognitive Development According to Jean Piaget and Its Implications in Learning. Alps: Journal of Elementary Education, 3 (2).
Hapsari, Rr. ST (2011). Application of the Constructivism Learning Model to Improve Science Learning Outcomes, Penabur Education Journal No. 16, Year 10:34-45
Ibda, F. (2015). Cognitive Development: Jean Piaget's Theory, Journal INTELLECTUALITY. 3(1), 33-34.
Kusdwiratri Setiono. (2009). Developmental Psychology. Bandung: Widya Padjadjaran
Latifa, U. (2017). Aspects of Development in Elementary School Children: Problems and Development. Journal Of Multidisciplinary Studies, 1 (2), 185–196.
Marimba, AD (1980). Introduction to the Philosophy of Islamic Education. Bandung: PT. Al Maarif.
Monks, FJ, Knoers, AM P & Adinuto, SR (2014). Developmental Psychology. Yogyakarta: Gajah Mada University Press
Mu'min, SA (2013). Jean Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development. Al-Journal Ta'dib. 6(1). 94-95.
Papalia, Old & Feldman. (2009). Human Development trans. Brian Marswendy. Jakarta: Salemba Humanika
Santrock, JW (2007). Child Development, trans. Mila Rachmawati and Anna Kuswanti. Jakarta: Erlangga Publisher
Santrock, WJ (2011). Child Development. Jakarta: Salemba Humanika Publisher
Sumanto. (2014). Developmental Psychology: Functions and Theory. Yogyakarta: PT. Fun Books
Suparno, P. (2001). Jean Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development, (Yogyakarta: Kanisius Publishers, 2001)
Syarifin, A. (2017). Acceleration of Child Cognitive Development: Analysis of the Possibilities and Problems, al-Bahtsu Journal. 2(1)
Upton, P. (2012). Developmental Psychology, trans. Noermalasari Fajar Widuri. Jakarta: Erlangga Publisher
Wade, C., Tavris, C & Garry, M. (2016). Psychology, trans. Padang Mursalin, Dynasty & Novi Vidya Santika. Jakarta: Erlangga Publisher
Zed, Mestika. (2008). Library Research Methods. Jakarta: Indonesia Torch Foundation